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Non-Pharmacological Interventions


Non-pharmacological treatments focus on managing daily life challenges and behaviour modifications. Certain aspects of non-pharmacological therapies can be used in the school environment, and teachers are highly encouraged to be a part of the students’ treatment support. 


Although non-pharmacological treatments alone have shown no significant effects in reducing ADHD symptoms, combined treatment with medications can produce long-lasting effects.


Examples of non-pharmacological treatments include parental support and training, behavioural therapy, executive functioning training, social skills training and more. 

*Note: Please refer to the patient or parent toolkit for more details on non-pharmacological treatments

Points to communicate with parents/ other teachers:


Important to maintain consistency in the process of rewarding good behaviours and assigning consequences for bad behaviours


Non-pharmacological treatments on their own have been reported to have no significant effects in reducing ADHD symptoms. With combined treatments (with medication), non-pharmacological treatments can produce long-lasting effects


No time for non-pharmacological training? Medication alone can be effective in reducing ADHD symptoms. Yet, parents play an important role in treatments, as they are children’s major caregivers. Parents are encouraged to discuss with professionals about the optimal treatment plan, taking any concerns and limitations into account.

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