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Classroom Management and Accommodations

Clear, concise, constructed instructions

  • Task instructions are easier to read with varied colour, fonts, highlights, pictures, and layouts!

  • Differentiate tasks with graphic organization or demo questions to help students learn effectively

  • Simple, consistent, and unrepetitive tasks help improve success and increase learning motivation

  • The following link includes some homework accommodation ideas: 


Establishing structure  

  • Establish routines and rules in advance

  • Example: Homework submission at specific stations and allow easier recognition of submission location          (e.g. using matching colours for homework and submission tray)

  • Example: Teach hand signals for different requests

Simplifying learning

  • Breaking down tasks for quicker success and higher motivation

  • Allow responses with gestures or response cards (e.g. Plickers) 

  • Allow physical movement as student ‘helpers’ or have wiggle seats/fidget cubes in pockets (anything non-distracting)

  • Give breaks (supervised breaks in exam)

  • Give enough task time (extra time in public exam requires support from Educational Psychologist)

  • Set reasonable total homework duration (e.g. 10 mins max per grade; P.5 = 50mins max)

  • Assignments in different formats like short videos, presentations, and drama

  • Tablets/computers can assist in retaining students’ attention. To find more appropriate assistive technology in teaching, you may visit:

Getting organized

  • Create designated areas for materials/activities

  • Picture demo and guideline on tidying drawers

  • Provide time for student planner copying regularly before class ends and check their planners regularly

  • Provide printed guiding notes and teach note-taking techniques

  • Provide models for students’ work pace (e.g. 1 min per question) and help set time limits (especially in projects and revision)


  • Other examples

  • Visual and verbal reminders of previous lesson materials, lesson objectives, upcoming activities, task time remaining, lesson summaries, what to do during lesson transitions, materials required in the lesson (specify each point), etc.

  • Check understanding by asking students to rephrase task instructions

  • Teach memory aids (e.g. mnemonics)

Goals and monitoring

  • Provide clear expectations and teach self-monitoring

  • Set reasonable and specific expectations: optimal challenges and avoid misunderstanding

  • Teach them to use checklists and memo pads for self-monitoring

  • Reaching expectations and self-efficacy help build self-esteem

Reduce distractions

  • Seating away from windows/ doors, near side of room if fidgety, near teacher, surrounded by role models (especially in group work), in special rooms for exams

  • Regular reminder to tidy up desks/drawers and keep only necessary items

  • Present tasks uninterrupted, one after another

Create inclusive classrooms

  • Utilizing the above strategies to benefit the whole class, make your classroom an inclusive classroom!

  • Acknowledge that different students may have different means of learning effectively. 

  • If a strategy is helpful to some students, make it a class strategy! Applying strategies to individuals only may contribute to unnecessary embarrassment or discrimination. 

  • Design your class with Universal Design for Learning guidelines so all students with different interests and abilities can access knowledge without barrier: 

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