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Treatment for ADHD can be categorised into two groups – pharmacological and non-pharmacological (e.g. counselling, behavioural therapy, and family education etc.). While there is no cure for ADHD, a combination of medication and psychotherapy has effectively reduced symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity, showing promising improvements in many. The aim of treatment is to reduce severity of ADHD symptoms and impairment and improve their quality of life (e.g. psychological well-being, occupational functioning, and educational functioning).

Treatment strategies for ADHD is often dependent on age. Patients are often classified into the following age groups for different treatment recommendations:



Age 4-5

First –line (i.e. first standard treatment recommended): 

  • Non- pharmacological interventions


  • Medication

  • e.g. methylephenidate can be considered

Elementary and middle school children


First –line (i.e. first standard treatment recommended): 

  • Medications for ADHD, along with parent training in behavioral management and school interventions


  • Adding or switching to alternative medications e.g. atomoxetine

and adults

Age: 12 or above

First –line (i.e. first standard treatment recommended): 

  • Medications for ADHD with the assent of adolescents or adults


  • Non-pharmacological interventions

Treatment plans varies among people, please consult professional help for the best treatment plan.

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